General

Solar eclipse 2010 in India

January 15 will herald the first annular solar eclipse of the year, which is believed to be the longest of the millennium.

Total Solar EclipseTotal Solar Eclipse

On January 15th India willwitness the solar eclipse, which will be the longest lasting eclipse in the last millenium. The eclipse will last for 11 minutes at the peak, and will be first seen in the Southern part of India, staring from Tamil Nadu, and finally ending in the North-East part of the country.  

The solar eclipse of January 15, 2010 is an annular eclipse of the Sun with a magnitude of 0.9190. So, how does one define a solar eclipse? According to experts, “A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between Earth and Sun, apparently blocking Earth’s view of the sun, which may wither be partial or complete.” But, the eclipse that will be seen by the people this January is an annual solar eclipse; the same occurs when the Moon’s diameter is smaller than the Sun, causing the sun to look like an annulus (ring), blocking most of the Sun’s light.
Solar Eclipse viewing gogglesSolar Eclipse viewing goggles

According to the N.A.S.A. Eclipse website, “The annual eclipse of the Sun will be visible from within a 300-km-wide track that traverses half of Earth. The path of the Moon's antumbral shadow begins in Africa and passes through Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, and Somalia. After leaving Africa, the path crosses the Indian Ocean where the maximum duration of annularity reaches 11 min 08 s.” It will be visible as a partial eclipse in much of Africa, Eastern Europe, Middle East and Asia. It will be seen as annular within a narrow stretch of 300 km (190 mi) width across Central Africa, Maldives, South Kerala, South Tamil Nadu, North Sri Lanka, Burma and China.

At approx 13.20 hrs IST, the annular solar eclipse enters India at Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), Kerala and exits India at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. The eclipse will be viewable for 10.4 minutes in India, making it the longest annular solar eclipse of the millennium.

The best place to view the eclipse from India is Dhanushkodi in Pamban Island off Tamil Nadu coast.

Total Solar eclipse forming a "Diamond Ring" Total Solar eclipse forming a "Diamond Ring"

The Sun can be viewed safely with the naked eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse. Partial eclipses, annular eclipses, and the partial phases of total eclipses are never safe to watch without taking special precautions. Even when 99% of the Sun's surface is obscured during the partial phases of a total eclipse, the remaining photospheric crescent is intensely bright and cannot be viewed safely without eye protection.

The Sun can be viewed directly only when using filters specifically designed for this purpose. Such filters usually have a thin layer of aluminum, chromium or silver deposited on their surfaces that attenuates ultraviolet, visible, and infrared energy. One of the most widely available filters for safe solar viewing is a number 14 welder's goggles, available through welding supply outlets. 
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Other solar eclipse goggles  are available at Gangarams and Higginbothams and are priced at Rs.35/- 
Tags: solar eclipse 2010, solar eclipse india, annual solar eclipse, welders goggles, nasa eclipse website

21 comments

keerthi vaasan Jan 24th, 2010 11:41 AM

needed the pictures seen from rameshwaram,Chennai and kanyakumari

Amit Jan 18th, 2010 05:59 PM

Hey, who wrote that article, all wrong pictures.... you have put pics of total solar eclipse rather than annular solar eclipse

Laxman Porob Jan 15th, 2010 04:09 PM

It is really the scene to authenticate how the universe is functioning

bala.k Jan 15th, 2010 02:13 PM

this solar eclipse is the one of the longest eclipse of this 21st century, don't see through with naked eyes it will effect your eyes not now later on be careful about your eyes.

Malleswara Rao Jan 15th, 2010 12:50 PM

it 's very largest sun eclipe in this mellinium

prasanna kumar N.C. Jan 15th, 2010 12:49 PM

Very good information for students also.We will take all precautions scientifically required.

Jenny Jan 15th, 2010 11:49 AM

According to the Director at Chennai, 82.33 per cent of the diameter of the sun will be covered at the time of maximum eclipse. It would begin at 11.25 hours IST and end at 15.15 hours IST. Refer: http://www.hindu.com/2010/01/14/stories/2010011460150400.htm

Omair Jan 15th, 2010 11:09 AM

Very well said "Venus Vampire Vixen" , even on this eclipse experts are saying it will longest solar eclipse of the millenium :-)

Tejaswi Prasanth Jan 15th, 2010 10:50 AM

what time it pass through chennai? can we wear sun glass and look at sun?

madhu Jan 15th, 2010 10:41 AM

precaution is fine.but most of the astrologers scaring common ppl. specifically educated ppl following all these false belief.
two things are common ,which most of the astrologers exploting
all the ppl
1. Eclipse
2. 2012

Venus Vampire Vixen Jan 15th, 2010 08:18 AM

EVERYTIME AN ECLIPSE COMES AROUND. "EXPERTS" TELL US IT WILL BE A ONCE IN A MILLENIUM EVENT. BUT THIS IS ALL BALLS... IVE BEEN SEEING AN STUPID FUCKING ECLIPSE EVERY YEAR.... WHAT IS AN ANNULAR ECLIPSE ANYWAY ?.. YOU HAVE TO CITE REFERENCES TO ALL THE BULL SHIT YOU GIVE HERE ! UGH... IM SO PISSED OFF !

Janaki Jan 15th, 2010 01:45 AM

approximately starts at 11:25 am and will end at 3:30 PM

Manavaditya Jan 14th, 2010 11:57 PM

It is very informative.but how dark will it be in delhi?

Niranjanprasad Mohanty Jan 14th, 2010 11:47 PM

Recite Aditya Hrudayam Mantra

SAIRAM NARAYAN Jan 14th, 2010 10:52 PM

will Bangalore have a full impact of darkness 

shantanu Jan 14th, 2010 10:15 PM

A minute before sunrise is the darkest time in our life.It is a fact.....

sriram Jan 14th, 2010 09:07 PM

good info but could have a bit more details.

Avi Wadhwa Jan 14th, 2010 09:07 PM

Very good information for students also.We will take all precautions scientifically required.

Sekh Jafaruddin Jan 14th, 2010 08:19 PM

Can anyone confirm the time when it will start and will finish in India?

anand Jan 14th, 2010 07:53 PM

no. because the sun will be seen to us as a ring .

hello Jan 14th, 2010 06:59 PM

will the day turn into full black

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