Off-Course: Forensic Sciences and Criminology
Forensic Science is essentially a crime laboratory-based profession; the course qualifies students to apply their knowledge of science to the investigation of crime. Osmania University offers a post graduate programme in this developing course.
Forensic Sciences or forensics is the application of various scientific methods and principles to investigate criminal and civil actions which are of interest to the legal systems. All the clues collected from a crime scene are analyzed by forensic scientists in a crime laboratory and are converted into evidences worth producing in legal courts.
Forensic science is an applied science, which is concerned with the application of scientific principles for the investigation of crime. Forensic scientists handle various clues collected from the crime spot and use the latest and sophisticated technologies to convert these clues into evidences, which are later produced in court for the prosecutions of the criminals. Although mostly practiced in a crime and laboratory-based profession, forensic science can also be used in civil cases, such as validification of signature on legal documents. The task of forensic scientists is becoming more and more challenging as well as adventurous nowadays, due to the increase in the rate of organised crime.
Forensic Science is gaining importance across the world. And Osmania University offers a unique programme in the M.Sc. stream that trains students in this field and it is paying dividends. The programme is considered as one of the best in India and as good as anywhere in the world.
In addition to the theoretical teaching facilities and laboratories for basic experimentation on the campus, the Central Forensic Science Laboratory, A.P. Forensic Science Laboratory, Central Detective Training School, Forensic Medicine Department of Osmania Medical College and its mortuary are fully made accessible to the students for the real-life professional exposure and examinations.
These institutions also provide highly competent and experienced guest faculty for this programme. The unit is having collaborative relationships with IICT, NGRI, CCMB and NIN. While the course attracts full strength from the local candidates, many students from other States compete for the lone seat available for non-locals. The students passing out of this programme are highly accomplished in Forensic Science and other value-added subjects such as Quality Management, Laboratory Management, Research Methodology and Ethics.
The students are able to find jobs not only in the FSLs but also in a variety of other vocations such as civil services, banks, police, pharmaceutical industry, paint industry, clinical research, biotechnology, software, cyber forensics, teaching and research. On an average eight per cent of the students are able to go abroad to pursue higher studies or for placements.
There are various subdivisions of forensic sciences, they are:
1. Forensic archeology
2. Forensic biology
3. Forensic economics
4. Forensic engineering
5. Forensic epistemology
6. Forensic linguistics
7. Forensic psychology
8. Forensic serology
9. Forensic anthropology
10. Forensic computing or digital forensics
Many institutes in India are imparting courses in forensic science at the undergraduate as well as postgraduate levels. One can start career in forensic science by pursuing B.Sc. in Forensic Science, which is a three-year course. The minimum qualification for this degree is a pass at 10+2 level of examination, with science subjects. Those who have done graduation in traditional and applied science subjects are eligible for M.Sc. in Forensic Science, which is a two-year course. After graduation, one can also take up PG diploma courses in Forensic Science & Criminology, which is a one-year programme. Post-mortem experts can join MD in Forensic Science after MBBS degree. Higher studies like M.Phil and PhD courses are also there in Forensic Science.
Scope in India
The main employment generating areas of students of forensic sciences is the police force, law enforcing agencies, legal systems and both government and private investigative offices. Specialization in various branches of forensic sciences like forensic anthropology, forensic archeology, forensic serology, provides a candidate with a job in their fields of specialization.
There are enough scopes for career growth even in foreign countries. Medical examiner, crime laboratory analyst, crime scene examiner, forensic engineer are the job prospects abroad. Forensic scientists also work for making psychological profiles of offenders by analyzing the crime scene and the crimes committed.
Forensic science is a highly remunerative career option for youngsters. Forensic experts employed in state departments get starting salary of Rs 4,000 per month. A post graduate in forensic science may get a starting salary of Rs 6,000 to Rs 8,000 per month. But the remuneration may vary from one organization to another. Private forensic laboratories offer lucrative pay packages to scientists having few years of experience. A freelancer in the field can charge according to the requirements of the individual case.
Admissions:- Admissions for PGCET courses for the Academic year 2010 is on and for further details log on to - http://www.osmania.ac.in/
Several universities and research laboratories offer courses in Forensic Science at various levels. Some of them are:-
1. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Delhi
2. Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwa Vidyalaya, Sagar (Madhya Pradesh)
3. Anna University, Chennai
4. Karnataka University, Karnataka; Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University
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